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Candle making step-by-step guide

Candles have been used in houses for many centuries around the globe. Before electricity, candles were an essential part of heating homes during winter nights and the evenings. Today, candles are more in demand than ever. They can be used for decorating your home and other practical purposes.

What are the benefits to lighting candles in your house? These are some of them:

Preparation

It is essential to prepare your space before you begin making candles. It can be messy, time-consuming and frustrating but by using a candle making kit, it becomes easier and interesting. To work on a flat surface, you will need a smooth surface. It might take longer than expected.

TIP: Fill your container half full with water. Then, use a measuring cup to measure the remaining water. Your container will contain approximately the same amount of wax, but you’ll need 20% to subtract it.

Melting the wax

Now pour the measured wax into a large saucepan. The wax should be heated until it reaches 70°C. Gently stir the mixture. To melt the wax, heat it to 80° Celsius. Melting takes about 10 to 15 minutes. We used a glass bowl for melting in the pan with half of the water.

Wear your glasses everywhere

Your candle glasses can be washed in warm, soapy water while the wax melts. Stick the safety label from your candle to your glasses. Place your candles on a flat surface.

Prepare the wicks

Stick the stick ums at the bottom of the wick before placing it in the middle.

You could also attach your wick with candle making. Place the sustainer in the melting butter, and then place it in the middle of the glass. Allow the wax to harden the structure.

Colour Adding

Once your wax reaches 70 degrees Celsius, take out your bag of colourable candles and add it to the molten candle wax. Mix until the colour dissolves, then spread it evenly. Use 0.2% dye. A 10g bag will colour 5kg of paraffin. Vegetable waxes may require higher loading. You can also use liquid candle dye to get the colour you want.

Adding fragrance

Once the dye has been dissolved completely, turn off the heat. Keep checking the temperature until it reaches 65°C. Once the wax reaches 65°C, crack open your perfume bottle and pour it in. Gently stir the wax as you pour the fragrance. Use up to 10% fragrance oil. 500ml will scent five kilograms of wax

Pouring

After all ingredients have been well combined, and the wax temperature is 65°C, you are ready to pour it. The molten wax should be removed from the container. Pour it into a pouring cup. Slowly pour the wax in your candle glasses, leaving a 1 cm space between the top of the glass and the bottom. If necessary, place your wick in a central part of the candle glass. Then, move it to the sides. Pour your wax slowly into the glasses to avoid making air bubbles. Pour any remaining wax back into the heating container. You may need it later.

Setting

A wick centering tool can be used to ensure that your wicks remain straight and horizontal. The wax will shrink naturally as it cools. However, this can lead to a sinkhole in your candle’s middle. Don’t panic! Let the candles cool to room temperature. This should take about 20-30 minutes.

Repour (Optional)

Don’t panic if your candle wax has sunk on surfaces. Heat the wax to 65°C. Then, melt the wax and pour it into a container. Once the wax is melted, pour it into your sinkholes. Repeat the process several times to achieve a flat surface.

Get rid of the wick

Allow the candles to dry for at least one night. Then, trim the length of your wick. The candle is now ready to go. Congratulations, you’ve made your first candle.

This guide to candle making is for beginners. Variations in fragrances or waxes can have an effect on the final product. Some candles might not work for some people.

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