Expert Tips to Write an Effective Hypothesis

The hypothesis you write is the basis of your entire Dissertation research – at the end of your project, you either prove or disprove your hypothesis based on your research. Therefore, you must know how to write your hypothesis the correct way, if you want to produce a high-quality Dissertation that will get you good grades.

An effective hypothesis is demonstrable and should include a dependent and an independent variable. An independent variable can be manipulated and a dependent variable is observed or measured depending on the independent variable.

Tips To Write An Effective Hypothesis

Ask A Question:

Students should start their hypothesis with the research question that they are answering. The question should be focused, clearly defined, and researchable within the boundary of their project.

Frame your question using: Who, Why, What, When, Where, How, Do.

For example: Do students who attend fewer lectures score low in exams?

Do Preliminary Research:

Your initial response should be based on what is already well known about the question. Students should look for theories and previous studies. They can also gather information from academic journals. It will help you come up with educated assumptions about what your research will find.

Remember that it is important to explore your questions from all perspectives. You will come across multiple critics as you will collect information. You can use it their finding as potential counter-arguments and frame your study in a way that addresses these concerns.

At this point, you may build a conceptual framework to identify which variable you will study and your idea on how to relate between them.

Formulate Your Hypothesis:

When you have completed your research, you will get a vague idea of what you are expecting to find. Then state your initial answer to a question in a clear concise sentence.

For example: Attending fewer lectures leads to low scores in exams.

Refine Your Hypothesis:

If you want to write an effective hypothesis the make sure it is specific and testable, there are various ways you can phrase a hypothesis. Although any type of hypothesis you write provides a clear definition. Your hypothesis should contain these elements:

  • The relevant variables.
  • The certain group being studied.
  • The anticipated result of the analysis or experiment.

Write Your Hypothesis In Three Ways:

  1. To identify the variables, you can write a straightforward prediction in if-then form. The first part of the sentence should state the independent variable and the second part states the dependent variable.

For example: If a first-year student starts attending fewer lectures, then their exams score will decrease.

  1. If you are an academic writer then your hypothesis will be more commonly phrased in terms of correlations. Your hypothesis will also be based on the effects the variable has on one another. In this type of hypothesis, you directly mention the predicted relationship between two factors.

For example, the number of lectures attended by first-year has a negative effect on their exam scores.

  1. If you are comparing two groups, the hypothesis will mention the difference you expect to find between them.

For Example, First-year students who attended fewer lectures will have a lower score on exams compared to those who attended more lectures.

Create A Null Hypothesis:

Depending on what your study is about, you have to perform some statistical analysis of the data you collected. When forming the hypothesis statement using a scientific method it is important to know the difference between a null hypothesis and an alternative hypothesis as well as how to create a Null hypothesis.

· Null Hypothesis:

The null hypothesis is often denoted as H0, it suggests that there is no difference, effect, or evidence to support the relationship between the variables.

For example: The number of lectures attended by first-year students does not affect their final exam scores.

· Alternative Hypothesis:

An alternative hypothesis is often denoted as H1, which states the there is indeed a statistical difference or there is evidence to support such difference.

For example: The number of lectures attended by first-year students has a pessimistic on their exams score.

Some students tend to be too busy to write their Dissertation, their hypothesis also lacks relevance, specificity, and effectiveness. If you happen to be one of them, it is suggested that you do not compromise on your dissertation. If you feel like you can not write well due to workload or anything look for help from Dissertation writing services UK or opt for buy dissertation services.

Examples Of A Good Or Bad Hypothesis




How does sleep affect motivation?


Good: A person getting eight hours of sleep will be less motivated at work.


Bad: Sleep is important.

·       Independent and dependent variables are not mentioned.





How did we evolve from monkeys?


Good: Human beings are not descended from apes but share a common ancestor with them.


Bad: Human evolution is long.

·       This does not represent a clear variable to be studied nor a prediction to be tested



All the tips above are structured in a fashion that will help you write an effective hypothesis step by step. Follow these tips to write your hypothesis correctly.

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